Spaying or neutering a dog is a great way to avoid unintended pregnancy at the dog park or backyard. Spaying and neutering decrease the number of dogs and cats entering shelters, which is critical for controlling the stray animal population. The advantages of this pet surgery go beyond preventing pregnancy. If you think your pet needs to be spayed or neutered, you should know how to prepare for the procedure and what to expect afterward.

How to Prepare Your Cat or Dog for a Spay/Neuter Surgery:

  • First, look up a “vet surgeon near meto locate the nearest one.
  • Once you find one, ensure you feed your pet no later than midnight the night before surgery.
  • Inquire with your veterinarian whether you must give your pet non-surgical medications on the day of the procedure.
  • Keep your pet in a suitable carrier or on a leash.
  • In the event of an emergency, please provide your best contact number.
  • Payment is due at the time of check-in.

Postoperative Care Instructions in Extensive Detail:

  • No running, jumping, playing, swimming, or any other strenuous activity for seven to ten days. Always keep your pet quiet. Pets should be kept indoors, where they can be kept warm, dry, and clean.
  • During the recovery, you should not give them baths.
  • Cats must be kept indoors, and dogs must be leashed.
  • Examine the wound twice a day. No drainage should exist. Reduce the amount of redness and swelling.
  • Give your dog permission to lick and chew on the wound. If this occurs, ensure your pet wears an Elizabethan collar to prevent further chewing and licking that could lead to infection.
  • While your pet is recovering, do not change its diet; do not feed them table scraps, milk, or other animals’ leftovers. This could mask complications following surgery.
  • Your dog may experience minor drainage or discharge for up to three days following a scrotal castration.
  • Within 24 hours of surgery, appetite should gradually return. Contact your regular veterinarian if your pet develops diarrhea, vomiting, or prolonged lethargy more than twenty-four hours after surgery. For a few days after surgery, dogs may experience a light cough.
  • Make an appointment with your regular veterinarian 7 to 10 days after the procedure to ensure that the incision has healed completely, to remove any skin sutures, and to discuss any additional needs, follow-up care, routine exams, and booster vaccinations.

Recovery After Spaying Surgery

Most animals will feel better within 24 to 48 hours, but full recovery will take 10 to 14 days. Keep your pet calm and avoid jumping, as this could cause the incision to reopen. Daily, check the incision for signs of infection. Contact your veterinarian at the spay and neuter clinic if you notice any swelling, discharge, redness, or an unpleasant odor.

Keep an eye on your pet’s behavior. They may have an infection if they are still lethargic and not eating or drinking after 48 hours. Consult your pet’s veterinarian or take them to a veterinarian if they require immediate attention.


Spaying your female pet is a great way to avoid having unwanted kittens or puppies. It can also prevent certain cancers and discourage unhealthy behaviors.