Pet Basics: Primary, Emergency, and Critical Care

Depending on their medical needs, a pet might get various care degrees. We often use specialist care, critical care, emergency services, and non-medical services to define what we do to aid our furry friends. The differences between forms of vet treatment and how they interact with routine vet care can be perplexing.

Continue reading to learn more about these services and when a pet might require them. Examine these veterinary terms in further detail.

Primary Care

Your primary veterinarian typically offers wellness or routine vet care. Instead of curative medicine, their primary focus is on your pet’s welfare and preventative care. They look at a pet’s health to enhance its quality of life while also reducing the possibilities of health issues.

Emergency Care

In an emergency, primary care veterinarians may not be able to provide their patients with the most effective therapeutic options. Your pet will be triaged to a vet emergency hospital, which means that they will be medically stabilized so that they may be evaluated, diagnosed, and treated.

Critical Care

An animal hospital’s critical care unit (ICU) is comparable to human hospitals’ ICUs. A pet in need of 24-hour care is sent to an ICU where it can get more intensive care. A veterinarian who specializes in critical care is committed to treating life-threatening situations.

Specialty Services

Specialist care refers to health concerns not addressed by standard vet treatment. Veterinary specialists have years of extra training, study, and skill in fields such as:

  • Dentistry – Dog dental care specialists are certified to clean, modify, and remove teeth and perform any needed oral surgery.
  • Dermatology – Animals’ skin illnesses vary considerably by species. Therefore, veterinary skin specialists must be familiar with various dermatology services.
  • Internal Medicine – Internal Medicine vets are highly proficient vets specializing in dealing with rare or complicated disorders.
  • Radiology – Radiologists are helping to bridge the gap between x-rays and ultrasounds. They collaborate with the referring veterinarian to get the best possible result for the animal.
  • Surgery – Veterinary Surgeons are typically required for particularly challenging or complex surgery. Vet surgeons have access to equipment, facilities, and support personnel that ordinary practice veterinarians might not have.

Non-medical Services

  • Boarding – Animal boarding facilities are designed to house pets for a more extended duration. Pet boarding facilities typically provide bigger places for pets to remain and more comfortable amenities.
  • Grooming – Grooming your pet will enable you to detect any underlying diseases or problems early. Because of this, you’ll be able to get your pet treated faster and more effectively.


Every veterinary professional shares the purpose of giving our patients longer, healthier lives. Effective teamwork between pet owners, primary vets, and specialists is needed to get the best results for veterinary patients.

Teamwork between primary care vets and specialists might include direct patient recommendations or additional services provided by experts. Developing connections with experts can assist in making the best referral decisions and collaborating on patient care. The necessity to enhance the working relationship is essential for the well-being of the animals.