Metal fabrication pertains to any process that cuts, forms, or molds metal material into a finished product. Rather than constructing an end product from prefabricated components, fabrication develops a final product from raw or semi-finished materials. There are numerous fabrication manufacturing methods to choose from.

Metal fabrication is utilized to create both custom and stock products. Most custom metal fabrication items are made from various metals and alloys. Steel fabricators usually start with stock metal components, consisting of sheet metal, rods, billets, and bars, to create a new material.

What are the various types of metal fabrications?

Before a raw metal material can be used for production and assembly, it must undergo several metal fabrication procedures. While these procedures vary according to the metal’s intended usage, they are all used in various structural, industrial, and decorative applications.

Numerous fabrication techniques exist, and they are frequently integrated. These techniques include cutting, metal stamping, extrusion, and casting. Similarly, these production techniques are intended to highlight the qualities of metal and display its application diversity.


Perhaps the most generally heard metal fabrication technique is cutting, which includes splitting metal sheets into halves or smaller portions. The metal being cut is new in several situations and has yet to be formed into anything specific. Pre-shaped metals, such as bars and measured panels, are submitted for cutting in other applications. Various machinery is used to make the cuts, ranging from simple lasers and plasma torches to more complicated, high-tech machines.


Punching isn’t the only metal fabrication method that uses a die. However, in other applications, the target is not to create a hole but rather to lift a section of a metal sheet without penetrating it. Stamping is used to create specific shapes, letters, or images within a metal sheet. Like relief sculpting in wood or marble, metal stamping and forming mimics this technique. Coins are a great example of stamping, where words, currency amounts, and head of states’ faces are stamped from each surface on dimes, nickels, dimes, and quarters.


As implied by the procedure’s name, forming is when different steel and metal parts are reshaped to create a new workpiece. Nothing is added or eliminated during this process, so the actual amount of metal will stay the same. This is most commonly performed using a brake press, which applies pressure on metal to create a crease. Other types of folding can be completed using a hammer and clamp bars that keep the metal in place.


After the metal components are formed to the required shape, they must be assembled into the finished product. The separate parts are put together and typically held in place by clamps until they are fused. The pieces are bonded, screwed, riveted, or welded together. 

There are numerous kinds of welds, but the most frequently used is stick welding, which utilizes a welding gun to continually feed a metal rod onto the joint, melting it with an electrical current. On the other hand, if you are looking for the best electromechanical assembly services for your electronic components business, you can narrow your search by going online.


There are many different metal fabrication processes that you’ve seen in this list, including cutting, stamping, forming, and assembling. As previously mentioned, these methods are utilized to produce a wide range of metal parts, and each one has a specific application. Although the list isn’t exhaustive, it should give you a clear idea of how vital the metalworking business is, not only for other sectors but also for everyday life.