The non-core dog vaccines aren’t required unless the specific ailment or disease is widespread. Many veterinarians will still provide these vaccines that are not necessary. However, it’s the responsibility of the vet and pet’s owner to determine whether the dog is a good candidate for immunization.

Rabies, parvovirus, and canine hepatitis are all available at a variety of veterinarians. You can also avail the option of scheduling non-core vaccines and the mandatory vaccines.

These vaccinations shield dogs from viruses that are easy to defend against. When administered to a dog beyond four months, viral vaccinations can save the dog for a long time, if not for the rest of their lives.

Non-core Vaccines

The non-core vaccine isn’t usually included in a dog’s routine vaccinations, but it may provide additional protection throughout its life. Learn about four non-core vaccines you can consider for your pet and how the vaccine may keep them healthy.


The Bordetella bacterium causes the kennel cough that is spread by airborne contaminants. It can be spread through contact with diseased dogs or bacteria transmission in food bowls, cages, and water bowls.

The lining of the dog’s trachea is destroyed as germs grow, leading to a loud cough that sounds similar to an emoji. It can teach dogs to choke and scream. Sneezing, fever, nasal discharge, appetite loss, and depression are some of the symptoms.

Kennel cough can take anywhere from five to seven days before it develops. Antibiotics and a cough suppressant must be given to your dog when symptoms are evident. If the dog’s cough is not treated, it may progress into pneumonia, which can be deadly.

The Bordetella vaccine is administered to dogs via injection, nasal spray, or oral. The dog’s immunity to illness can take around 48 hours following vaccination. Vaccinations against Bordetella are generally administered once every 12 months. Look up “Vet dentist near me” for information about your pet’s oral health.


The pathogen Leptospira is responsible for leptospirosis, which is a bacterial infection. This is a zoonotic condition that can cause death in certain situations. When dogs drink water contaminated with urine or contact with urine infected by the disease, they can contract leptospirosis.

Sickness, nausea, depression, loss of appetite, widespread discomfort, and conjunctivitis are some of the symptoms. The more severe signs are a dip in temperature, a change in urine color, jaundice, dehydration, trouble breathing, vomiting, and bloody feces.

The leptospirosis vaccine is classified as a “non-core” vaccine. The vaccine is administered in two doses starting at eight to nine weeks of age. Two doses are separated by 2 to 4 weeks. Consult a veterinarian for info on veterinary imaging.

Lyme Disease

Lyme disease is conveyed by tick bites caused by the bacteria Borrelia Burgdorferi. However, some dogs show an increase in lymph nodes or lameness but not all dogs with Lyme disease will show symptoms.

If your dog shows symptoms of Lyme illness, look for ticks that could still be present. Lameness of the legs, decreased appetite, and an elevated temperature is just a few signs. Lyme illness is a severe inflammation of your dog’s neurological system, heart, kidneys, and death.

The dogs living in areas with Lyme disease are a concern and are usually given the Lyme disease vaccine. The Lyme disease vaccine is given to puppies from 8 weeks old. 

It is followed by the second dose being administered about four to six weeks later. A booster shot can be administered one year after the double dosage and yearly for dogs with a high risk of developing Lyme disease. Visit this link for more details.